Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Ethics and Moral Principles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Morals and Moral Principles - Essay Example The use of good ways of thinking to business ventures is a difficult endeavor particularly considering the way that the market is a blend of different characters and culture, in this manner what is by all accounts directly for one gathering might be unbecoming for another. This, Hume and Sayre-McCord (2006), underscore, calls for cautious consideration while applying these methods of reasoning in assorted world with a blend of characters Owing to the way that business morals is an expansion of good way of thinking, a few organizations concoct explicit authoritative culture that empowers them to focus on upgrading their employees’ moral obligation. The making of hierarchical culture has the advantage of delivering fair representatives with a refined business morals. Maybe utilization of good way of thinking like implementing codes of conduct inside an association cultivates discipline among the workers at long last. Moral methods of reasoning assume a significant job similar to worker relations and open recognition are concerned. A great many people utilize these ways of thinking as the measuring sticks for deciding the ethical standing and impression of the association (Hume and Sayre-McCord, 2006). Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell (2013) affirm that the conduct of people is exclusively an element of their ethical morals and these thus influence their capacity to settle on savvy and educated choices. Moral way of thinking is a basic piece of conduct and dynamic in that it shapes the individual morals of different workers in a business setting for instance a representative may choose not to partake in office tattle. Because of the harming idea of the discussions, the representative settles on a moral choice, appropriately guided by the ethical ways of thinking that they maintain. Representatives who grasp the ethical way of thinking will in general settle on more astute choices in any condition. This way of thinking likewise has the inclination of cleaning their general conduct. Another component of conduct and dynamic is the commitment and cooperation in corporate social obligation (Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell, 2013). This may incorporate the representatives stepping up and help the poor, and effectively partaking in improving the social and financial states of the prompt condition. People act in a mindful way and avoid personal circumstance to dedicating administration to humankind because of the ethics that ethical way of thinking ingrains on them. This move of conduct and dynamic abilities is gainful both to the association, and to general society at neighborhood and territorial levels (Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell, 2013).â With numerous associations over the world embracing moral ways of thinking in their business condition, certain worldwide vital plans have gotten a lift, as they require the soul of good and moral obligation from every single one of us (Gillroy, and Bowersox, 2002).â . An exemplary model is the bec oming environmentally viable activity. For all intents and purposes all associations take part in natural protection exercises like lessening and reusing ecological waste. This worldwide activity impelled by moral way of thinking, has accomplished significant achievement in checking a dangerous atmospheric devation that is a piece of the worldwide key arrangement. Subsequently, moral methods of reasoning positively affect the worldwide vital arranging. Gillroy, and Bowersox (2002) express that ethical methods of reasoning may have a noteworthy effect in the lightening of destitution around the globe particularly in the hard hit countries in Africa through grasping the suggestion

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Marketing Communication Essay

â€Å"Brand situating is an endeavor to make and keep up a special portrayal of the brand in customer’s mind, a portrayal that is relied upon to animate decision of that brand† (Rossiter, 2005, p.42). Situating, truth be told, alludes to how clients consider various brands in a market. Through brand situating an organization endeavors to fabricate a practical upper hand on item characteristics in the consumer’s mind. By and by, building up a fruitful situating technique isn't simple. Situating items in a mind boggling business sector can be one of a company’s most troublesome choices (Gwin, 2003, p.30). Brand situating is the main phase of marcoms arranging. â€Å"Before the chief can settle on a sensible choice about where the brand ought to be going through its marcoms, the supervisor initially needs to choose †to change, if essential, or to support and reconfirm †the brand’s positioning† (Rossiter, 2005, p.32). The three-level strategy for situating, introduced by Rossiter and Bellman (2005, p.42), contains T-C-B situating model, I-D-U advantage investigation and a-b-e advantage guarantee model. The T-C-B situating model requires administrative choices on three components †Target Customer (T) for the brand, Category Need (C) into which the brand ought to be situated and Key Benefit (B) which will be offered by the brand. So as to effectively decide the class need, benefits looked for and the buy choice procedure, administrators need to depend on a client explore. The most valuable sorts of research are singular profundity meetings and Marcoms Situation Audit (Rossiter, 2005, p.44). The Target Customer choice answers the inquiry â€Å"Who is the brand for?†, and it must be characterized for various sorts of client, known as partners. Nonetheless, the most significant is the choice on End-Customer focus for brand situating, and it ought to be characterized as comprehensively as could reasonably be expected, including all present and potential clients of the brand. Classification Need (C) is another situating choice, and it intends to respond to the inquiry â€Å"What is the brand?†. It is fundamental that the Category Need is distinguished and portrayed in client language and from customer’s perspective. The Key Benefit (B) choice is the third factor in the brand’s situating, and it incorporates a few sub-choices. Right off the bat, administrators need to choose focal, separated and focal me-also advantage situating inside the class. Besides, the choice on the underscored advantage type needs to beâ made. The advantage to be underscored, or the Key Benefit, can be instinctual, original, passionate or judicious. At last, supervisors must settle on passage ticket benefits that must be reference d, and any substandard advantages, which ought to be exchanged off or excluded in the advertising correspondences. Key Benefit (B) determination for the T-C-B brand situating choice is practiced by leading an I-D-U Benefit Analysis of contending brands in the class. The supervisor needs to choose the Key Benefit that is significant or rousing to target clients (I), deliverable by the brand (D) and extraordinary to the brand (U) (Rossiter, 2005, p.62). To choose which advantages are significant, deliverable and exceptional, supervisors need to assess the capability of numerous advantages, utilizing multiattribute model. Significance or allure of advantages could be dictated by distinguishing the significant client benefits in an item classification, and soliciting clients to rate the attractive quality from each advantage. To discover the Delivery, similar clients who gave the significance evaluations could be approached to rate how well each contending brand conveys on every one of the significant advantages. Uniqueness, or differentially prevalent conveyance, could be dictated by ascertaining Brand Preference score from I-D-U appraisals †by duplicating conveyance rating of the brand by the significance weight for each advantage and afterward adding them (Rossiter, 2005, p.64). In the wake of finishing the I-D-U examination, supervisors need to pick one of five vital choices for expanding the brand’s piece of the pie through Key Benefit situating. These choices are: to expand the brand’s saw conveyance on a significant advantage; to build the apparent significance of an advantage; to diminish a competitor’s saw conveyance; to include another advantage; and to change the decision rule. The a-b-e advantage guarantee model is the third, last phase of situating. This model ganders at the structure of advantage asserts, and recognizes properties (a), which are ‘what the brand has† (dispassionately), benefits (b), which are â€Å"what the client wants† (abstractly), and feelings (e), which allude to â€Å"what the client feel†. Choices made in T-C-B situating model, I-D-U advantage investigation and a-b-e advantage guarantee model are fused in the situating articulation for the brand. In our consultancy report we utilized T-C-B situating model to perform theâ positioning examination for Mortein creepy crawly splash. Remembering that the meaning of Target Customer ought to be wide and incorporate all present and potential clients of the brand, the End-Customer focus for Mortein creepy crawly splash was characterized as â€Å"Consumers of family bug spray products†. Class Need into which Mortein bug shower is to be situated was characterized, from the customer’s perspective, as â€Å"Insect killers†. The advantage to be stressed, or the Key Benefit, was distinguished as â€Å"Fast murdering of insects†. We chose to receive focal situating inside the classification on the grounds that Mortein is the main brand in the Australian family unit bug spray showcase. Reasonable methodology, or Rational Selling Proposition, which is centered around an utilitarian presentation advantage, was utilized to recognize the Key Benefit. Since the decision between brands of creepy crawly splash is Informationally spurred, the judicious methodology is the best option for distinguishing the Key Benefit. So as to distinguish the significance or attractive quality of advantages, we gave a little example of clients of creepy crawly shower with a rundown of advantages, and solicited them to rate each from these advantages on a 9-point scale from incredibly alluring to very unfortunate. From their reactions we discovered that the most significant advantages were quick executing, low cost and wellbeing. To decide the conveyance by each brand we solicited a similar gathering from clients to rate, on a five point rating scale, how well various brands perform on every one of the significant advantages. Mortein bug shower scored 4.5 on quick murdering, 1.5 on cost and 5.0 on wellbeing. Uniqueness was evaluated by ascertaining the Brand Preference score for Mortein bug shower, which was 32.5, or72% of the Ideal brand score. In view of that investigation, first I-D-U methodology alternative †to expand our brand’s saw conveyance on a significant advantage †has been chosen. We might want to expand the conveyance rating on the most significant advantage †quick murdering, and, likewise, to marginally build conveyance rating on cost. With respect to a-b-e advantage guarantee model, since Mortein creepy crawly shower is an Informationally roused item, we chose to utilize e-â†'b (negative feeling â†' advantage), or Problem-arrangement advantage chain. Individuals feel irritated as a result of the nearness of creepy crawlies in their homes (they have a solid negative feeling), so Mortein will offer them an advantage of quick murdering of bugs. There are likewise different models for brand situating that directors can utilize. Perceptual mapping strategies are every now and again used to help supervisors in settling on brand situating choices (Kohli, 1993, p.10). Perceptual maps could be utilized to figure out where the brand is situated with the regard to the serious brands, and to help recognize item or administration ascribes which are essential to clients, and which can be utilized to separate one company’s offering from the others in the classification. The perceptual mapping conveys a realistic guide of the different properties, situating in space the various brands as of now in the commercial center with connection to one another and with connection to different characteristics revealed by quantitative looking over of clients and potential clients (Cahill, 1997, p.101). Among different methods of perceptual mapping, the most as often as possible utilized are Factor Analysis, Discriminant investigation and Mult idimensional Scaling. Factor Analysis is basically an information decrease procedure in which the goal is to speak to the first pool of properties as far as fewer measurements or variables (Kohli, 1993, p.10). After the components have been distinguished, the brand’s appraisals on these variables are utilized to situate the brands in perceptual space. Factor Analysis works best for limited time and correspondences methodologies since it yields progressively full of feeling measurements (Gwin, 2003, p.33). Discriminant investigation is additionally used to decrease the quantity of ascribes to fewer hidden measurements. Be that as it may, not at all like Factor Analysis, it centers around properties which show contrasts between brands (Kohli, 1993, p.11). Since it yields progressively target measurements, Discriminant investigation is regularly utilized for new item structure. Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) empowers administrators to outline spatially, with the goal that the relative situations in the mapped space mirror the level of apparent comparability between the brands. Respondents are approached to assess marks two by two, making a decision about the general closeness of the brands, not singular traits (Kohli, 1993, p.12). The best utilization of Multidimensional Scaling is in set up business sectors, with various brands accessible to respondents. Then again, Gwin and Gwin (2003) favor another apparatus, the Product Attributes model, over perceptual mapping methods. Item Attributes model accept that buyer decision depends on the qualities (or characteristics) of a brand. The consum

Friday, August 21, 2020

10 Common Scams How They Work and How to Avoid Them

10 Common Scams How They Work and How to Avoid Them 10 Common Scams: How They Work and How to Avoid Them 10 Common Scams: How They Work and How to Avoid ThemFrom advance fee schemes to reverse mortgage scams and telemarketing fraudâ€"keep yourself safe from these common cons!People have been scamming each other for thousands and thousands of years. No matter how hard we try to stop them, con artists and scammers are always going to be dreaming up new schemes to get at your hard-earned money.Still, there are many common schemes these fraudsters run that should be easy for you to identifyâ€"so long as you know what to look for. After consulting the FBIs helpful  list of common fraud schemes, we picked out the 10 scams that are most likely to affect you.Well let you know how they work, how you can identify them, and, most importantly, what you can do to keep yourself (and your money) safe.1. Advance fee scamIf someone comes to you with a financial or business proposition that requires you paying them up front, they are probably running an “advance fee” scam. These con artists come arou nd with a wonderful opportunity for you to “triple your money” or “get in on the ground floor.”They ask to be paid upfront for their servicesâ€"they might refer to it as their “finders fee.” Then once they have been paid, the money or business opportunity they were talking about never materializes. Meanwhile, they fade into the background.To protect yourself against this scam, remember to always do your research into someone before paying them for services not yet rendered. Watch out for P.O. boxes and non-disclosure agreements, anything that might suggest this person’s business is really a fly-by-night operation that runs on secrecy. And lastly: If what they’re promising sounds too good to be true, it probably is!2. Identity theftThese scams  have become increasingly common as more and more of our lives (and our sensitive personal  information) move online. It used to be a person had to go through your trash to steal your identity. Nowadays, they’re just as likely to get it by sending you a “phishing” email that gives them access to your laptop.When someone steals your identity, they  can use your personal information to take out loans and credit cards, to make purchases online, maybe even to commit crimes. The only thing worse than having a bunch of debts in your name that you’re suddenly responsible for is having the police show up and arrest you for a crime you didn’t commit!To protect yourself from identity theft, make sure you always shred your sensitive mail and documents, don’t give out your credit card number over the phone unless you made the call, regularly check your bank and credit card statements, and order a (free) copy of your credit report to review at least once a year.3. Internet auction  fraudThere are two common types of fraud that occur with internet auctions. The first kind is when a person grossly misrepresents the item that they are selling. They promise they are selling you a priceless copy of Action Comics #1 but then they deliver you a hand-drawn zine called Achtung Cantrips # Slevin. The other type of fraud is where you pay them for the merchandise that they never deliver. At least the other gal got that stupid zine from her fraudster; you’ve got bupkus!This is another scam where doing your research pre-transaction is one of your best buffs against disaster. You should also be extra wary of sellers outside the U.S., and never give them your  social security number or other personal information.Lastly, this one of the few times where we’ll encourage you to do a transaction on your credit card instead of your debit card. If the seller never delivers or delivers something other than they promised, a credit card will let you dispute the charge, whereas a debit card will not.4. The “Nigerian Prince” letter aka “419” fraudThis is a rather complicated (not to mention famous) variation on the advance fee scheme. An anonymous scammer will contact a person, promising them a share of millions of dollars that, for numerous complicated-sounding reasons, the scammer cannot currently access. They ask for money to help them transfer the funds, often through illegal means. Needless to say, none of what the scammer is saying is true.It’s called the “Nigerian Letter” scam because the most infamous version of this scheme involved a so-called “Nigerian prince” offering people millions of dollars to help him transfer his riches out of Nigeria. The really fun part of these schemes is when people stop paying, but the scammer can still use the financial information they have forwarded to spend the victim’s money and/or steal their identity.The way to protect yourself from this scam is pretty simple: If you receive an email or a letter from someone claiming untold riches if only you can help them out with some money up-front, delete that email immediately and report the scammer to the FBI and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).5. Online vehicle sale scamsIf you ’re buying a used car online and you answer a classified ad, there is always a chance that youre being set up. Con artists love to post pictures of vehicles that they do not own and claim that the car is for sale at a ridiculously discounted price. There will often be a manufactured sense of urgency to the transaction; the scammer has to sell the car immediately because they are moving or being called up by the military, or it was a car they received in a divorce settlement or from a deceased relative.These scammers will usually try to fake a relationship with a reputable online company and might even provide you with fake toll-free phone numbers to call and “verify” the transaction. But instead of having you send cash, they’ll ask you to buy a bunch of prepaid gift cards and then share the codes with them. Once you’ve done that, they vanish.Yet again, this is a scam that can be foiled by copious amounts of research. Don’t just look into the seller, look into the car its elf. Get it’s VIN or its license plate number and look them up to confirm ownership. Oh, and this is a piece of advice that holds true across every type of scheme: If the person you are communicating with asks to be paid in the codes from prepaid gift cards, stop. They are 100 percent scamming you.6. Pyramid schemesIn a pyramid scheme, you are approached by someone who has a fantastic business opportunity. And while the business itself is often a real thing, it’s the way in which the business makes its money that can be fraudulent. Let’s say that the business here is something very simple: lemonade stands.If you say “yes” and join the business, you are asked to pay your recruiter for the lemons you need to start your lemonade stand “franchise.” Your recruiter will then encourage you to recruit other “franchisees” who will then buy lemons from you. Not only that, but you’ll get a cut of any lemonade they sell, just as your recruiter gets a cut of all the lemonade that you sell.Pretty soon, you realize that nobody in this lemonade stand business is actually selling lemonade. They are all just trying to recruit new people and make money off of selling them lemons. The people at the top of the scheme are doing quite well for themselves, while the people at the bottom are, well, not doing very well at all.If someone offers you a business opportunity that involves buying a bunch of merchandise upfront to start your “franchise” and strongly encourages you to recruit new “franchisees,” stay away. Even some very large and successful companies have business models that verge on pyramid schemesâ€"and can easily turn into one if you are preyed upon by a predatory recruiter.To learn more, check out this blog post: Multi-Level Marketing Scams: How a MLM “Job” Could End Up Costing You Thousands.7. Reverse mortgage scamsA reverse mortgage, also known as a home equity conversion mortgage, is a way for seniors to convert the value of their home i nto cash. Unlike more traditional home equity loans, a reverse mortgage doesn’t have to be repaid until the borrower moves out of the home, is no longer able to pay their mortgage, or dies.A reverse mortgage in and of itself is not a scam. However, these loans have seen an explosion in popularity over the past 20 years, and that has created a fertile breeding ground for scammers and predatory lenders. Scammers often target seniors as a part of complicated “investment opportunities”, using the equity these people have built up in their home as a piggy bank for the scammer to finance their schemes. If someone promises you or your parent that you can “own a home for free or with no down payment,” that’s a sure sign that they’re not on the up-and-up.If you want a legitimate home equity conversion mortgage, make sure that it is insured by the Federal Housing Authority (FHA). Be wary of advertisements for reverse mortgages, watch out for reverse mortgage seminars or people w ho approach you in social settings with reverse mortgage offers. And last of all, don’t sign any documents when you don’t fully understand the transaction.8. Telemarketing fraudThis is a scam where a person calls you on your personal phone with a “fantastic offer” that you have never previously heard of or expressed any interest in. And even if it is something that you’d previously expressed interest in, you should still be very careful. If you see a call coming in on your cell phone from a strange number, let it go to voicemail. If it’s a real inquiry, they’ll leave a message. Scammers generally won’t.The scammer will ask that you pay them for this opportunity or service, possibly in the form of prepaid debit card codes, a clear sign they’re not legit! If they’re telling you that you “won a free vacation” or some such nonsense, they might ask you to pay some fees or put down a deposit. Do not pay them, and especially do not read them your credit card info ov er the phone!To avoid these scams, make sure you never do business with a company that contacts you out of the blue. Even though the person on the other line will try and pressure you to complete the transaction, you should resist them. Collect information from them and do research on the company. Make sure that the company itself is legitimate and that the person contacting you is indeed a representative of said company. The same goes for charities. In fact, this is one of the ways that scammers will try and take advantage of people in the aftermath of a natural disaster. That’s awful!9. Ponzi schemesPonzi schemes will always be presented as an investment opportunity. You put your money into X business venture, and you will get a guaranteed return. These “opportunities” will usually be presented as somehow exclusive, the kinds of things that “regular” investors can’t get in on. Ponzi schemes are different than most scams, in that early investors will actually receive re turns on their money! And, of course, they’ll be so pleased with the results that they will invest that money right back into the fund.In truth, those returns that they’re receiving are a lie. Their money isn’t being invested at all. Instead, the scammer is taking money from new investors and is using that money to pay back their original investors. Eventually, the new money dries up, at which point the entire scheme collapses.The scheme is named after its creator, Charles Ponzi, but the most famous Ponzi scheme was perpetrated by New York financier Bernie Madoff, whose $64 billion scam came undone during the 2008 financial crisis. Be extremely wary of anyone promising guaranteed or outlandish returns on your money. And always consult a third-party financial professional before saying yes to any opportunities.10. Fraud against seniorsThis last one isn’t exactly a type of scam. Frauds perpetrated against seniors run the whole gamut of scum and villainy. Senior citizens make p erfect victims for fraudsters. They often have a lot of money saved up, they are generally trusting, and they have not-so-great memories which makes them really not-so-great criminal witnesses. If you or a senior you know are being scammed, contact the local authorities immediately.And lastly, if you are a senior, and someone contacts you offering to sell you a product over the phone, hang up. We know it’s rude. That’s okay. They are trying to scam you, which is also rude. Hang up on them and be on your way.To learn more about protecting yourself from scams and fraudsters, check out these related posts and articles from OppLoans:6 Costly Holiday Scams and How to Avoid ThemYour Guide to Cash Advance ScamsHow to Protect Yourself From Phone ScamsHave you ever had a run-in with a scam artist? We want to hear about it!  You can  email us  or you can find us on  Facebook  and  Twitter.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Cis 517 Week 2 Assignment 1 the Role of Project Managers...

CIS 517 Complete Course Click below link for Answer Visit CIS 517 Week 1 Discussion Click the link above to respond to the discussion. If you need help with completing discussions please click here for more information. The Triple Constraint of Project Management * Briefly explain in your own words the relationship between each element of the triple constraint of project management. Then, determine whether or not you believe it is important to understand the triple constraint to be an efficient project manager. Justify your response. CIS 517 Week†¦show more content†¦Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: * Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. * Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: * Identify how project management improves the success of information technology projects. * Use technology and information resources to research issues in IT project management. * Write clearly and concisely about issues in IT project management using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions. CIS 517 Week 3 Discussion Click the link above to respond to the discussion. If you need help with completing discussions please click here for more information. Change Control Management * As explained in the text, scope creep is very common in projects. A formal change control management is difficult to enforce and more often overlooked near the end of the project when scope creep is more common. Recommend strategies to enforce change controlShow MoreRelatedCis 517 Week 5 Assignment 3 Voip Part 1 (Work Breakdown Structure) Cis 517 Week 5 Assignment 3 Voip Part 1 (Work Breakdown Structure)3287 Words   |  14 PagesCIS 517 Complete Course Click below link for Answer Visit CIS 517 Week 1 Discussion Click the link above to respond to the discussion. If you need help with completing discussions please click  here  for more information. The Triple Constraint of Project Management   * Briefly explain in your own words the relationshipRead MoreCis 517 Week 6 Assignment 4 Voip Part 2 (Gantt and Pert Charts) Cis517 Week 6 Assignment 4 Voip Part 2 (Gantt and Pert Charts)3305 Words   |  14 PagesCIS 517 Complete Course Click below link for Answer Visit CIS 517 Week 1 Discussion Click the link above to respond to the discussion. If you need help with completing discussions please click  here  for more information. The Triple Constraint of Project Management   * Briefly explain in your own words the relationship

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Ban Of Tobacco Advertisements Banned - 860 Words

he people in India that wanted tobacco advertisements banned, wanted them banned because the children would watch t.v. and they would see the tobacco advertisements that had an animated camel in the advertisement and to the parents of the children it made them think that it was showing the children that it is okay to smoke tobacco. Another reason they wanted the tobacco advertisements banned was because researchers has researched tobacco and all the percentages, meaning they found out that cigarettes make up 0.14 percent or the G.D.P and they compared that to the health logic s which is at a 0.21 percent of the G.D.P which in reality to them should not be that close in percentage to each other. The people in India that did not want the ban on the tobacco advertisement, did not want it to happen because, they thought that if a ban was placed it would make the citizens feel as if they were not letting them make the decision if something is good or bad for them, which therefore the ban would step in as a nanny in a way. They say that people who do smoke know the consequences and is all on them if they decide to or not. They feel as if you can sell it you should be able to advertise it as well, and that the government would be limiting their freedom. The tobacco companies around the world say that they are not trying to sell the concept of smoking. They also say that the advertisement of tobacco was simply only for adults was not to persuadeShow MoreRelatedBan Of Ban On Tobacco988 Words   |  4 Pages Those in favor of the ban on tobacco advertisements and sponsoring of cultural and sporting events in India noted that they were not the first country to be taking these steps. In fact, many European countries had previously invoked bans on tobacco beginning decades before. In both Belgium and France the ban was deemed to be constitutional as the main motivator behind this ban was public health, and not necessarily the desire to stop the tobacco industry from partaking in trade. BeyondRead MoreBanning Tobacco Advertising Ban On The Public Health Of Their People976 Words   |  4 Pagesbanning Tobacco companies from displaying any source of advertising or sponsoring any public events. The advertising ban took effect from May 1, 2004. In October 2, 2005, the Government of India prohibited any new programs or mo vies from showing any actors or actresses smoking as it glorifies smoking and sends a bad message to its viewers. According to a CNN article written by Leo Juarez, some actors seem to support the smoking censorship but some film directors seem concerned that the ban might leadRead MoreBAN ON TOBACCO ADVERTISEMENT IN INDIA800 Words   |  4 PagesBAN ON TOBACCO ADVERTISEMENT IN INDIA In 2004 the government of India banned tobacco companies from advertising their products and sponsoring sports and cultural events. The objective was to discourage adolescents from consuming tobacco products as well as empower the government with the power to launch an anti tobacco program. . This issue created a serious problem in that it was both ethical and commercial, the government on one hand, believe it was its responsibility to protect the welfare ofRead MoreEthical Considerations : Ban Tobacco985 Words   |  4 PagesConsiderations: On the one hand, was tobacco, the most dangerous consumer product known, which killed when used as the makers intended. Just like most dangerous substances like cocaine were banned so from the ethical point of view it was not alien for the government of India to ban tobacco. Therefore from an ethical standpoint, the Government had to discourage the habit, as it was responsible for the welfare of its citizens. In view of international precedents and statistics the ban was not unusual and wasRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Indian Government959 Words   |  4 PagesTobacco Advertising was the hot topic it was in the late 90 s and early 2000 s, but it is still something we should strive to understand and functionally work with. The European Union and the United States have banned advertisements from television, while only the United States has banned tobacco advertising for sporting events. The Indian government had enacted an initiative to ban tobacco advertising in sporting events in 2001 to help curb the appeal of tobacco use in minors. The ethicalRead MoreShould Tobacco Advertising Be Banned?897 Words   |  4 Pagesorganization and other associations have been putting pressure on the government to ban cigarette production but these products contribution of these products to the national GDP cannot be neglected. As a result, of the huge sum, the government gets from these companies in the form of taxes it extremely difficult for the government ban the production of cigarettes but have instead resorted to banning advertisements of these products. Is the government doing enough as it claims it is doing to protectRead MoreGovernment Of Indi Ban Tobacco Advertisements Essay910 Words   |  4 PagesGovernment of India to Ban Tobacco Ads The Government of India pursued to create a mechanism to ban Ads on Tobacco usage. In doing so, it raised ethical concerns and arguments from two different sides, those in favor of and against it. For instance, Suhel Seth, CEO of Equus Advertisement, made a strong differing statement such as â€Å"The ban does not have teeth. It is typical Knee-jerk reaction by any Government to create some kind of popularity for itself.† Mr. Seth thought the Government was not seriousRead MoreBan Banning Should Not Be Banned981 Words   |  4 PagesTo Ban Or Not To Ban? One of the most widely debated topics when it comes to government interference is smoking. Often described as a slow killer, many feel that it is something that should not only be avoided, but also banned. In India specifically, a country that is renowned for its high use of tobacco production and use, the idea of smoking has become a national crisis. With tobacco companies trying to push for freedom of speech† with advertisements, and the government attempting to assume aRead MoreShould Tobacco Advertising Be Banned? Essay897 Words   |  4 Pagesorganization and other associations have been putting pressure on the government to ban cigarette production but these products contribution of these products to the national GDP cannot be neglected. As a result, of the huge sum, the government gets from these companies in the form of taxes it extremely difficult for the government ban the production of cigarettes but have instead resorted to banning advertisements of these products . Is the government doing enough as it claims it is doing to protectRead MoreThe Ban On Advertising Tobacco Products885 Words   |  4 PagesThe ban put on advertising tobacco products in India has caused a lot of debates. Some say it violates the constitution, others say it saves lives. Each side sets a valid argument, but which side is right? These bans do not only exist in India. They have been put into action in many different countries as well. Tobacco use kills 5.4 million people a year, averaging at about half of all smokers. (W.H.O.-Facts) I think that everyone is aware of how bad tobacco use is for your health. What people

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Expansion to the “New World” Essay - 734 Words

Expansion to the new world was both a blessing and a curse to both Europeans and the natives of the new land. The first motive for exploring the new world to find a easier and faster way to trade with the Asian countries, but soon after two new continents were discovered it sprouted different motives from everyone. Even though everyone had their own ideas and dreams about the new world they were all ended up with a common goal, to find silver and gold and become very wealthy. Every country heard about and expected to find an unlimited amount of riches. What the Europeans weren’t expecting to find was thousands of different civilizations already living in this unexplored â€Å"new world†. There were many different types of explorers of the†¦show more content†¦Spain received what was called the lions share. One of the reasons Spain was able to colonize and explore South America so quickly was because they had the biggest navy, also called and armada. The Spanis h Armada was originally made to defeat the English in a naval battle but they lost the battle and could never recuperate from their losses. Because Spain was the first to start colonizing and defeating the indigenous people they benefited the most from the new world and its riches. Conquistadores were explorers who were sent by Spain to take or the new land. Conquistadores would explore the land, share Christianity with the native people, and bring back riches to the homeland. Conquistadores forever left their mark in South America because not many of their wives accompanied them on their trip so they married Indian women and created what is called a mestizo. The conquistadores would even convert their Indian consorts so they could marry them. The Iroquois Confederacy was one of the only nation states in North America that rivaled those of the Incas and Aztecs. The Iroquois developed military alliances and governmental skills to maintain their power for over a century. The Iroquoi s Confederacy was made up of five different tribes the Mohawks, Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas. Each tribe ran itself differently butShow MoreRelatedExpansion Of The New World940 Words   |  4 PagesInitial expansion into the new world was done by the spainiards and porteguese. The spaniards in search of gold and other treausres expanded there presenece through explorations and often conquest against native inhabitants of the land. In the 1570’s the ordinances of discovery were passed by Spain which banned some of the more brutal conquests. Because of this the spanish expanded there presence in America through colonization (Brinkley p.15). Though an intial phase of exploration and conquest expandedRead MoreExpansion Of The New World1722 Words   |  7 PagesExpansion is something that our history has come to know for many years. Throughout all these years of expansion one question arises: is expansion always positive? When thinking about expansion, many people never consider the people affected by it. Expansion in the New World had a negative effect on the Native Americans in North America. The worst effect of expansion can be seen in the loss of native land. Expansion into native land was something that was very common throughout history. For exampleRead MoreEuropean Expansion Into The New World1896 Words   |  8 Pagesmotivations for European expansion into the New World, which include economics, religion, and politics, would combine to shape the colonies and eventually the nations of North and South America. In 1381, King Henry VII England defeated the French at Agincourt, essentially signaling the end of the age of chivalry and the feudal organization of Western Europe. Over the next two centuries of nearly constant strife, Europe would consolidate the feudal powers into monarchies, creating new nation states. NationalRead MoreEssay about European Expansion Moves to the New World1653 Words   |  7 PagesThus in the beginning all the World was America. Interestingly, the development of Lockes ideas of property and money came at a time when Europeans expansion into the New World was just beginning to take hold (source). The very definition of economic imperialism is that countries expand their territories to collect resources in order to garner economic profit. The more robust economies tend to become the most powerful nations, and so the control of resources is sought out in order to monopolize bothRead MoreEssay about The Historical Impacts of the Protestant Reformation946 Words   |   4 PagesThe Protestant Reformation and European expansion have both left political, social and economic impacts throughout history. The Protestant Reformation which was started in the 1500’s, by a Catholic man named Martin Luther caused political instability and fragmented the Holy Roman Empire. It economically caused the church to go bankrupt and socially allowed for the rise of individualism among the people; Luther gave the people of Europe the long needed reason to break free of the church. The ProtestantRead MoreRole of the United States Government in the Global Expansion of Us Media Industries1478 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal Expansion of US Media Industries 1 ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IN THE GLOBAL EXPANSION OF US MEDIA INDUSTRIES by Lunlalit Niyomtas Student ID : 14060193 Global Media 2MED7H3 Professor Daya Thussu School of Media, Arts and Design University of Westminster Global Expansion of US Media Industries 2 Introduction In the recent past, we cannot deny that the media industry has experienced monumental growth both in terms of revenues and global expansion. Like other businessesRead MoreThe International Expansion Of Bmw And Ikea1378 Words   |  6 Pagesincreasing numbers of organization invested their brand track to overseas markets. New markets have new consumers, chances, and profits and extend brands existence. The international expansion of BMW and IKEA has led them to achieve huge success. In this essay, will explore what lead each brand to move away from their traditional market and investigating how the two brands developed successful international expansion, and what has made them global household names. Firstly, BMW, which is establishedRead MoreThe European Expansion Of Europe1286 Words   |  6 PagesFor many generations, it was taught that the expansion of Europe to the Americas, (also known as the European expansion), had a huge impact on all societies of the old world. The importance of this was taught to societies all across the world, and was indeed a necessary occurrence. Up until recently, the idea was never given any real thought for the majority of people as to how, over many generations in the family and throughout the passage of time, how they precisely got where they are currentlyRead MoreThe Expansion of America and The Homestead Act of 18621180 Words   |  5 PagesAmerica was becoming a world power to be reckoned with. In order for the country to keep up with the increasing amount of people and become more powerful, the US expanded westward. After the War of 1812 a lot of Americas attention went into exploration and settlement of all of the territory to the West, which had been expanded by the Louisiana Purchase. Families of pioneers traveled westward and found new communities through what is now called the Midwest. Westward expansion occurred for multipleRead MoreExpansion of Western Europe1095 Words   |  5 PagesThe expansion of Western Europe started with the Iberian phase. Spain and Portugal, the two countries of the Iberian Peninsula, had a short-lived yet important role in European expansion. European expansion then turned to Western Europe. Western Europe consists of the Dutch, French, and British. While Western Europe was exploring new worlds overseas, the Russians were expanding westward across all of Eurasia. Religion played a major role in expansion for both the Portuguese and the Spanish due

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Pretrial Detention free essay sample

Today throughout the world pretrial detention has caused many issues in which this paper will look further into. Some of the issues that will be explored in this paper are how pretrial detention is causing overcrowded prisons, and how that is affecting our society. Another issue that will be looked upon is the expression â€Å"innocent until proven guilty†. There are times when a offender waits in jail until his hearing for a number of years and ends up being proved innocent. What should be done for the time lost in this person’s life for waiting in a jail cell for a crime that was never committed? These are issues that concern everyone in our society; this paper will explain possible ways to bring justice to these individuals. Pretrial detention causes all types of issues from the positive and negative effects it takes on people, overcrowded prisons, and weather or not it violates certain amendments. The reason for pretrial detention is the fear that serious criminals may re-offended while in the community. More than 20% of people arrested for murder and released on bail are arrested for new charges this is known as avertable residuals. This could have been prevented if the criminal had been behind bars. About 1/3 of released defendants are either re-arrested for a new offense, failure to appear in court or commit some other violation. Pretrial detention requires that certain dangerous defendants be confined before trial for their own and the community this decision is placed by the judge. Pretrial detention can be good for the community because it controls the future behavior of suspected criminals. However, people ask the question; Is it punishment before trial? Civil libertarians believe it violates the due process clause of the constitution because it means that a person will be held in custody by proven guilty or innocent. Other people argue that it is not punishment because why would society want criminals on the streets who potentially may not show up for their court date or may re-offend. Although pretrial detention is a good way to keep alleged criminals off the street there are many negative effects to it. For example, in Harris county jail down in Texas more than 11,500 inmates are there waiting in pretrial detention which is causing major overcrowding in prisons. In which most of the inmates crimes are possession of crack pipe or minuscule of drugs. In the constitution it guarantees the right to a speedy trial, if that is the case than why are more than 500 of these inmates in Harris county jail in pretrial detention for over a year. About 1,200 have been jailed six months or more though many face only minor felony charges, such as bouncing checks, credit card fraud, trespassing or even civil violations ( Harris County Sheriff Office, 2009). Around 200 inmates, supposedly â€Å"innocent until proven guilty†, have already served then minimum sentence for the crime they may have not even committed. There are plenty of inmates in the Harris county jail that have allegedly been convicted of non-violent crimes that still remain in the jail awaiting trial. Since the jails are so overcrowded many of these inmates end up having mattresses on the floor which they sleep on or they get sent to overcrowded cells. This is not fair to the inmates awaiting trial considering some of them may actually be proven innocent so why should they have to live like that for months and months when they have the wrong person behind bars. This could be seen as a violation of the Fifth Amendment. Out of 38,000 cases last year only 376 people got released on bond. Many offenders even the ones that just get convicted of misdemeanors can not afford to post bond which means they end up in pretrial detention until their trial. This is another reason to why the prisons are becoming so full with allegedly convicted criminals in pretrial detention. The eighth amendment states excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted, yet what exactly is cruel or unusual punishment? Can pretrial detention be considered cruel and unusual punishment considering the alleged criminal may be innocent and spend months to years in pretrial detention for something they may have never committed. Even criminals in pretrial detention who could have convicted a minor crime may not deserve to wait in pretrial detention as long as they do. Although, the alleged criminals in pretrial detention are not being physically punished some defiantly are being mentally punished. However, the justice system does not think about how the alleged criminal feels neither does most of society to them its better to keep someone who may or may not be guilty in pretrial detention then to have them on the streets. However, to the alleged criminal especially the innocent ones this is defiantly cruel and unusual punishment why should they have to be locked up in a little room, and loose months to years on their lives because the United States justice system can not guarantee a speedy trial like there expected to do. The United States criminal justice system should not have alleged criminals wait in pretrial detention if they are being convicted of lesser charges. After the alleged criminals arraignment, the ones of lesser charges should just be set on bond this way there would be less overcrowding in prisons. If the alleged criminal could not afford the bond the court should be able to work something out where they lower the bond or the alleged criminal can put something worth value up. The eighth amendments also states excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed. This is to protect those charged with crimes so they have a fair chance to post bond or bail and not have to wait in pretrial detention. There are still a countless number of alleged criminals in pretrial detention who cannot afford to post bond or bail. This could be considered discrimination to the lower class of society because they may be innocent or have a minor crime and just not have the money to post bond, so why should they have to sit in pretrial detention? In a study done in 1960 by L. Schweitzer (reported in Goldfarb, 1965), it was found that of the 114,653 people who received pretrial detention because they could not pay bail, only 27% were subsequently convicted and given jail sentences (Ebbesen, Konecni, 1975). In another study in Philadelphia, of 1,000 defendants who could not afford to pay bail and were therefore detained, over two thirds were either acquitted or, if convicted, were not given jail sentences (Ebbesen, Konecni, 1975). There are many ways to look at this amendment and pretrial detention and see how mentally it could be considered cruel and unusual punishment to the alleged offenders. The Fifth Amendment states that no one can be tried for a serious crime unless indicted by a grand jury. No one can be forced to testify against themselves. No one can be punished without due process of law and people must be paid for property taken for public use. Due process is a very important part when a suspected offender is going through the criminal justice system. The person under arrest can only be held so long without the criminal justice system violating the due process clause. A person waiting in pretrial detention depends on the due process clause so they do not have to wait a lengthy time in pretrial detention and have a right to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of thier peers. In the United States v. Salerno, the United States Supreme Court held that pretrial detention without bail on the grounds of dangerousness violates neither the fifth nor eighth amendment to the United States Constitution (Eason, 1988). Although, pretrial detention does not violate the fifth nor eighth amendment according to the Supreme Court to the individual waiting for trial they can feel like their rights are being violated depending on the time they wait in pretrial detention. Amendment six in the constitution states in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial. Although, this is in the United States Constitution people who sit in pretrial detention and await their speedy trial may question what exactly is a speedy trial? In the United States a speedy trial is when the defendant is tried for the alleged crimes within a reasonable time after being arrested. Often the question asked is does the trial come speedy enough, under the sixth amendment it all comes down to the circumstances of the case itself sometimes cases can even be dropped if the alleged criminal waits to long in pretrial detention. Since there is no hard and fast rule on how long is too long, one rule of thumb is eight months. This means that that the alleged offender should have a trial within eight months or it is considred too long that the alleged criminal has waited in pretrial detetion. For example murder cases can take at least six months and often longer before even going to trial to some people a half year to years is not their definition of a speedy trial. Minor cases like small amount of drugs where the person may only get charged with a misdemeanor or minor felony charge usually take place within six months even then having to wait six months for a minor crime or a crime not even committed can seem like a lengthy time to sit in pretrial detention. This is definitely making the prisons very overcrowded and criminals who need to stay in jail may be released early due to all the inmates in pretrial detention awaiting their speedy trial. Raymond Buckley, a defendant in the national publicized McMartin preschool molestation case, was detained for almost four years without bail (Miller Guggenheim, 1990-1991). Raymond Buckley was accused of molestation of a preschool boy by a paranoid schizophrenia mother. There were over 360 children supposedly who had been abused but there were no physical evidence to prove anything. Prosecutors questioned the children numerous amount of times and most of the time the children would tell a different story than the last or have bizarre allegations against Buckley. The prosecution then gave up trying to obtain a conviction, and granted Ray Buckey bail. The alleged offender waited four years before his trial in pretrial detention before and was not even convicted of any wrong doing. This case is an example of how the United States Justice System did not give Raymond Buckley a speedy trial. Although, in the end he was convicted of 39 of the 52 accounts the trial should have been much faster, four years before even getting to trial is defiantly too long to wait in pretrial detention. Pretrial detention causes all types of issues from the positive and negative effects it takes on people, overcrowded prisons, and weather or not it violates certain amendments like the fifth, sixth and eighth. Pretrial detention does have its positive effects like keeping criminals who may re offend off the streets which makes our society safer. It is causing overcrowding in prisons which means other criminals are being released early and it is costing our tax dollars more to keep people in prison. According to the United States Constitution people in pretrial detention have a right to a speedy trial and no cruel and unusual punishment shall be brought upon them. However, the question then becomes what is a speedy trial along with what is considered cruel and unusual punishment. Sitting in a jail cell for a crime a person may or may not have committed waiting to go to trial that can take months to years this may seem cruel and defiantly not a speedy trial. Although, if the alleged offender is being tried within eight months it is technically is considered speedy trial by law. Eight months to the alleged offender may not seem speedy enough for them especially if they end up being innocent. Pretrial detention is a significant issue that needs to be looked upon more then it is currently is, there are issues that need to be done to fix the problems that occur in pretrial detention.